Lexapro, a potent antidepressant medicine that is also known as Escitalopram belongs to the class of drugs referred to as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Escitalopram works effectively for the therapy of anxiety and depression or depressive disorder in adults and those from the age of 12 above. The cause of these critical medical conditions is from the unbalanced chemicals in the brain.
Lexapro medicine is seen in two forms with the strengths of 5 mg, 10 mg, and 20 mg. It comes in tablets and as an oral solution. The inactive ingredients of Lexapro in tablets form are:
- Microcrystalline cellulose/colloidal silicon dioxide;
- Croscarmellose sodium;
- Magnesium stearate.
The inactive ingredients of Lexapro as an oral solution are:
- Propylene glycol;
- Malic acid;
- Sodium citrate;
- Citric acid;
- Purified water;
- Natural peppermint flavor.
Escitalopram is primarily used for the cure of anxiety and depression. It assists the brain to recover from the unbalanced state of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) which is very important in maintaining a sense of well-being. Escitalopram, as one of the effective drugs under SSRI, helps to boost a patient’s strength and health and lowers the level of anxiety.
Mode of Indication, Dosage, and Duration of Treatment
You are advised to strictly adhere to all given instructions or directions by your doctor or those seen on the prescription label. There may be a change in your drug use by your doctor for effective treatment outcome. Ensure you don’t take Lexapro more, less or longer than it is required. Lexapro may be consumed with or without a meal. Ensure you follow the scheduled time for drug intake. Follow the measuring order given. You may use the dose-measuring objects such as a syringe, a spoon or medical cup for the appropriate measurement of liquid medicine. You are expected to continue with the use of Lexapro appropriately even if there is no sign of any improvement after the speculated weeks for symptoms improvement which is 4 weeks. Ensure you notify your doctor if this happens. It is advisable to avoid sudden withdrawal from the use of Lexapro without informing your doctor. Seek your doctor’s advice if there is an urgent need for withdrawal.
Ensure you adhere to the following given precautionary measures:
- Patients that are allergic to Escitalopram or those that take Citalopram should keep away from the use of Lexapro.
- Patients should avoid the use of Lexapro 2 weeks before or after the use of an MAO inhibitor.
- Ensure you notify the doctor of you to have any of these illnesses:
- Liver disease;
- Kidney disease;
- Low levels of sodium in your blood;
- Heart disease;
- High blood pressure;
- A blood clotting disorder;
- Manic depression;
- Drug addiction;
- Suicidal thoughts.
- Pregnant women and lactating mothers should seek their doctors’ advice before the use of Lexapro. It may result in birth defects and affect a nursing baby respectively.
- Children under the age of 12 years old are restricted from the use of Escitalopram
Ensure you seek immediate medical help if you begin to experience any symptoms of allergic reactions to Lexapro. These signs may be a severe skin rash; inflammation of your face or throat; hives; or difficulty in breathing. Notify your doctor if there is deterioration on treatment status or if you experience any of these symptoms such as panic attacks, sleeplessness, changes on mood or behavior, hostility, irritation, restlessness, hyperactivity, suicidal thoughts, impulsion, more depression or aggression. The following are several side effects of Lexapro:
- Weight changes;
- Dry mouth;
- Feeling shaky or anxious;
- Loss of appetite;
- Decreased sex drive;
- Orgasm difficulty.
In a situation whereby you forget to use your prescribed medicine, you can always take it at the moment of recollection. However, mind the time for the next dose if not close. Taking two doses at one time should be avoided.
Peradventure you take more than the prescribed doses, quickly see your doctor or call for emergency medical help.
Interaction with other drugs
It is advisable to seek your doctor’s direction before using any new medication with Lexapro. Some medications such as narcotic medication, sleeping pill, muscle relaxer, or other medications for the therapy of depression, anxiety or seizures may debilitate the effectiveness of this drug. Notify your doctor if you were/are on the following medications:
- Other antidepressants;
- Narcotic pain medication;
- St. John’s Wort;
- Mood disorders;
- A blood thinner;
- Migraine headache medication;
- Medicine to treat anxiety;
- Stimulants or ADHD medication;
- Monoamine oxidases (MAO) inhibitors such as rasagiline, isocarboxazid, linezolid, phenelzine, selegiline, and tranylcypromine