Flonase belongs to a class of medicines known as corticosteroids. It is an allergy relief drug that is used in the nose to aid in offering relief for nasal allergic reactions as well as reduce swelling and inflammation.
The main active ingredient in Flonase is fluticasone propionate. Other inactive ingredients in Flonase include dextrose, Polysorbate 80, carboxymethylcellulose sodium, phenyl ethyl alcohol, and benzalkonium and microcrystalline cellulose.
Flonase does much more than an antihistamine that only blocks histamine. Flonase aids in blocking six inflammatory allergic substances. This medication works in the nose to prevent the effects of substances responsible for causing allergies such as dust mites, mold, pollen, and pet dander.
Fluticasone is used for relieving nasal allergic and non-allergic symptoms which include sneezing, itching or runny nose. It can also aid in treating eye related allergic symptoms such as watery and itchy eyes.
Research has shown corticosteroids such as Fluticasone can help people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Fluticasone oral inhalation helps asthma patients breathe more easily and manage symptoms such as coughing and wheezing.
Mode of Indication, Dosage, and Treatment
Flonase is supplied in the following dosage strengths: 27.5 mcg/ actuation, 50 mcg/actuation and 93 mcg/actuation. For adults, it is recommended to start with 2 sprays of 50 mcg to each nostril making a total of 200 mcg per day. Flonase can be sprayed once or twice per day. After you buy Flonase over-the-counter product, ensure to read and strictly follow the directions on the package before use. Shake the spray container well before use, and gently blow your nose before applying the medicine.
The dosage depends on your age, the status of your health and how you respond to treatment. Do not increase or reduce the dosage without first consulting your doctor. In some cases, you may begin with a larger dose and gradually reduce to a lower dosage as your symptoms continue to improve. You can begin to feel better 12 hours after using Flonase, but it can take a couple of days before you attain full recovery. If you don’t feel better after 1 week or your condition become worse, you should see a doctor immediately.
Flonase Side Effects
Common side effects of fluticasone include:
- Sinus associated pain;
- Sore throat;
- Skin rash;
- Menstrual problems;
- White patches around the nose or inside the mouth;
- Back pains;
- Reduced libido.
You should seek immediate medical attention if you experience the following:
- Ongoing or severe nosebleeds;
- Blurred vision or eye pain;
- Severe stomach pains;
- Wounds healing slowly;
- Sores, redness and white patches in your mouth;
- Swollen face;
- Diarrhea, vomiting, lightheadedness;
- Extreme tiredness and fatigue.
Before commencing Flonase medication, you should let your doctor or pharmacist know if you’re allergic to fluticasone. Additionally, this drug contains numerous inactive ingredients that may trigger varied side effects. If you have any of these conditions or a history of illness, your doctor should be informed:
- Eye complications such as glaucoma and cataracts;
- Liver disease;
- Recent nose complications i.e. nose surgery or nose injury;
- You are pregnant or breastfeeding.
In addition, it is advisable to stay away from people with infectious conditions such as measles, flu or chicken pox. Corticosteroids can interfere with your body’s physical response to stress. Let your doctor know you are on fluticasone before going in for surgery or any other emergency treatment.
Be careful when taking Flonase as it may interact with other drugs that may affect its effectiveness. Some of the drug interactions include:
- HIV medication such as saquinavir and ritonavir.
- Antifungal drugs such as fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole.
- Antibiotics such as metronidazole (Flagyl) and clarithromycin.
- Antidepressants such as paroxetine, fluoxetine, and nefazodone.
- Mental illness medication such as fluvoxamine.
- Heart medications such as verapamil and amiodarone.
- Hormonal contraceptives such as implants, birth control pills, patches, rings, and injections.
- Asthma drugs such as Accolate.
- Oral steroids i.e. methylprednisolone, dexamethasone, and prednisone.
- Heartburn drugs such as Tagamet.